Prophet Musa (pbuh) once addressed Allah saying: "Lord! I desire to be near to You."
Allah said "Whoever desires nearness to Me is one who remains awake during Laylatul Qadr (doing ibada)."
Prophet Musa (pbuh) said: "Lord! I wish to earn Your mercy."
Allah replied "My mercy is granted to anyone who is merciful to the underprivileged during Laylatul Qadr."
Prophet Musa (pbuh) said: "Lord! I wish to pass on the right path."
Allah replied "This is granted to anyone who gives sadaqa during Laylatul Qadr."
Prophet Musa (pbuh) said: "Lord! I wish to enjoy the trees and fruits of Janna!"
Allah replied "This is granted to anyone who praises Me during Laylatul Qadr."
Prophet Musa (pbuh) said: "Lord! I wish to achieve salvation from the fire!"
Allah replied "This is granted to anyone who seeks forgiveness during Laylatul Qadr."
Prophet Musa (pbuh) said: "Lord! I wish to achieve Your pleasure!"
Allah replied "I shall be pleased with anyone who prays two (mustahab) rak'ats salaa during Laylatul Qadr."
The month of Ramadhan has been singled out for special worship (`Ibadat) and exclusive favours. It is a month unlike other months. One reason for this, as defined by the Qur'an, is because the Holy Qur'an was revealed in this month. Says Allah in Sura alBaqarah: The month of Ramadhan, that in which the Qur'an was sent down; a guidance for mankind, and clear signs of guidance and distinction (2:185). In fact, according to a hadith of the 6th Imam (a), the other holy books were also revealed in this month.
Among the nights of Ramadhan is one special night, which is better than a thousand months (HQ, 97:3). Good deeds performed on that single night are equal to those performed over a thousand months. It is the Night of Power (Laylatul Qadr), when the Qur'an was revealed. Some commentators believe it was the night when the Qur'an was brought down from Baytul M`amur (Heavenly abode), for Jibrael to reveal in parts to the Prophet (s). Others say it was the night when the Prophet received the entire Qur'an, but was asked to transmit it as and when the occasion demanded.
Laylatul Qadr is a celebration to commemorate the arrival of the final guidance for humans. It is a tribute to the commencement of the message revealed to mankind by their Creator, a message which shows them the way to achieve happiness in both the worlds. Just as the arrival of a child is celebrated, on its birth and then every year, as a bringer of joy and fulfilment for the family, Laylatul Qadr is celebrated as a bringer of light and guidance for mankind. Unlike the birthday which is celebrated with a feast for the senses, Laylatul Qadr includes a feast for the spirit, a feast of worship and prayers.
Some Ahadith indicate that the fate of every believer for the coming year is decreed on this night. That is why the Du`as for this night ask for special favours in the decree for the year. Believers are encouraged to stay awake the entire night, and pray for blessings and forgiveness. It is the holiest night of the year, and it would be unwise to be heedless of the tremendous benefits of this night.
A Night Greater than One Thousand Months:
Laylatul Qadr, the Night of Power, is the most blessed night of the entire year. Its significance and glory has been described and discussed in the Holy Qur'an itself, as well as in numerous traditions. Can we imagine its full import and can we comprehend its full glory? The Holy Qur'an asks, "And what will make you comprehend what the grand night is?" (97:2) The night is loftier in importance and weightier in blessings than one thousand months! It's the night of determination of our destinies, and the night when the Holy Qur'an was revealed. It's a night of power, of glory, and of blessings.
Some of the salient features of this great night are discussed as follows:
Revelation of Holy Qur'an
The verse from Sura Qadr, "Surely We revealed it on the grand night," (97:1) and another from Sura Baqara, "The month of Ramadan is that in which the Qur'an was revealed, a guidance to men and clear proofs of the guidance and the distinction…" (2:185) together signify to us that the Qur'an was revealed on the Laylatul Qadr. Was the Qur'an revealed all at once on this night? Or it was revealed in gradual time periods extending over 23 years of the Holy Prophet's (peace be upon him and his progeny) prophethood?
The scholars of Qur'anic exegesis tell us that the holy Qur'an was revealed in two ways: it was revealed on this great night upon the Holy Prophet's sacred heart, and it was also gradually revealed over a period of 23 years during his prophethood.
The month of Ramadan makes the heart of believers pliant and conducive to accept any guidance. Fasting opens our hearts for acceptance of divine guidance, thus this month is like the spring season of the Qur'an. Just as barren land which is not capable of growing any vegetation becomes fertile in spring when life-giving rains fall on it, so is the effect of Ramadan on our hearts. The Night of Power is the epitome of guidance and blessings, as this night carries the significance of being bestowed with Holy Qur'an.
Determination of Destinies
This is the night when destinies are set, as stated in the Qur'an: "Surely We revealed it on a blessed night – surely We are ever warning – Therein every wise affair is made distinct"(44:3-4). There are many traditions which inform us that on this night, our affairs are set for the whole year.
It is worth noting here from the commentary of Aqa Mahdi Puya: "On the Night of Power, the divine wisdom determines the solution of all spiritual pursuits man decides to undertake; therefore the Holy Prophet has advised the believers to pray and seek Allah's mercy throughout this night…Imam Ali (peace be upon him) said: 'People wrongly imagine that destiny is abiding and fate is certain. If it were so, the idea of reward and penalty becomes meaningless, promise and threat a hoax. Allah, the most praised, has given man freedom of thought and action.'
The freedom of action is conditioned by the laws made by Allah to govern the universe. No one can break them. Imam Ali said: 'While standing, if you want to lift one of your legs you can, and you are free to lift the second leg also – but as soon as your second leg leaves the ground you will fall down, because you have broken the law Allah has so precisely put in operation."
Some Other Related Points About this Great Night
Which night is the Night of Power?
There are different views on which night of the month of Ramadan is the Night of Power. There have been supporters for the1st, 17th, 19th, 21st, 23rd, 27th, or 29th night of the month of Ramadan. There are traditions that Holy Prophet would stay busy with prayers and worship especially during the last ten nights, thus there is more emphasis on those nights. Most of the traditions from the Ahlul Bayt (peace be upon them) point out the 23rd night as the Night of Power, while most of the traditions in Ahlus Sunnah consider the 27th night as Laylatul Qadr.
Why is Laylatul Qadr hidden?
Scholars say that the philosophy behind hiding the Night is so that we pay importance to all the nights of Ramadan and thereby get the maximum spiritual benefit from them.
Is there only one Night of Power in all the regions of the world?
We are aware of the fact that the lunar calendar dates are different in different parts of the world. Taking that into consideration, will there be multiple Nights of Power in regions where the dates are different? The answer to this is that the night and day alternate with the revolution of the earth on its axis. So the Night of Power will start from one point and will continue to move over the regions where night is falling. In this way it would be a whole rotation of one night covering each region of the earth.
In conclusion is the following supplication from Sahifa Sajjadiyya:
And praise belongs to God who
showed favour to us through His religion,
singled us out for His creed,
and directed us onto the roads of His beneficence,
in order that through His kindness we might travel upon them
to His good pleasure,
a praise which He will accept from us
and through which He will be pleased with us!
And praise belongs to God who appointed among those roads His month,
the month of Ramadan,
the month of fasting,
the month of submission,
the month of purity,
the month of putting to test,
the month of standing in prayer,
in which the Qur'an was sent down as guidance to the people,
and as clear signs of the Guidance and the Separator!
Then He made one of its nights surpass the nights
of a thousand months
and named it the Night of Decree;
in it the angels and the Spirit descend
by the leave of their Lord upon every command,
a peace constant in blessings
until the rising of the dawn
upon whomsoever He will of His servants
according to the decision He has made firm.
bless Muhammad and his Household,
with knowledge of its excellence,
veneration of its inviolability,
and caution against what Thou hast forbidden within it,
and help us to fast in it
by our restraining our limbs
from acts of disobedience toward Thee
and our employing them
in that which pleases Thee,
so that we lend not our ears to idle talk
and hurry not with our eyes to diversion,
we stretch not our hands toward the forbidden
and stride not with our feet toward the prohibited,
our bellies hold only what Thou hast made lawful
and our tongues speak only what Thou
we undertake nothing but what brings close to
and pursue nothing but what protects from
Then rid all of that from the false show of the false showers
and the fame seeking of the fame seekers,
lest we associate therein anything with Thee
or seek therein any object of desire but Thee!
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